Breeding ornamental fish is a very wonderful hobby, and sometimes it is rewarding and profitable, and although there are some types of ornamental fish that can reproduce without any trouble or effort from fish breeders and without any care for their young, but there are other types that are very difficult to They multiply and when breeding occurs, the small fish must be removed from the aquarium far from their parents and placed in a separate aquarium. Many breeders are sometimes surprised by swarms of young cichlids that were hidden in their caves inside the aquarium at a time when the aquarium needs to be cleaned.
|Ornamental Fish Reproduction: All You Need To Know About Ornamental Fish Reproduction|
This is an informative article. Nodisk One is not permitted to make a diagnosis or recommend any form of veterinary care. If your pet is in pain or ill, we recommend that you take him to the vet.
Overview Of Fish Reproduction Methods
It must be taken into account - when spawning Ornamental Fish - that there are two different ways in which fish lay their young. They can swim easily and search for their food directly. As for the eggs, they need some time to hatch, and then young ones come out of them, which take between a week to ten days to mature and turn into full-fledged Ornamental Fish.
The needs of Ornamental Fish and their methods of reproduction differ between these two groups; Where Ornamental Fish with internal pollination can mate and reproduce relatively easily, and Ornamental Fish that lay eggs, they need some herbs or gravel to spread their eggs so that the male can pollinate them.
Ornamental Fish That Reproduce By Bearing Live Young
The most famous species that reproduce in this way:
Guppies, mollies, platies and swordtails are the most popular home-bred aquarium fish species. These species reproduce by placing females into small fish after a month or two at most pollination.
Ornamental Fish That Reproduce By Laying Eggs
Types of fish that reproduce by laying eggs:
The most important types of fish that reproduce by laying eggs and building their nests are bettas, disc fish, and most types of gourami. Females of this species lay hundreds of eggs in a pre-prepared nest either on the floor or wall of the aquarium or even the surface of the water, if There was a male in the same aquarium and he was supposed to fertilize the eggs after they were laid, to hatch later.
Ornamental Fish Mating
The ease of mating fish varies according to its type; Sometimes it is enough to put males and females together until they mate, and it is recommended to buy six young fish as a start (there will most likely be a female or at least a male among them), and take care of them until they grow up and become sexually mature, and they mate on their own, but if one male or One female to a pre-existing group of fish, it is possible that they cannot mate with the rest of the group, except that for some fish species (such as most species that give birth to live young) the number of females must be greater than the males, otherwise females will be harassed by males Unable to mate.
There are a few other requirements to facilitate the mating process, the most important of which is maintaining the cleanliness and purity of the water, because the fish do not reproduce if there is any amount of ammonia or nitrite in the aquarium; Because these two substances are toxic to young fish, and fish about to give birth need better food than ordinary fish, they need fresh or frozen food to meet their nutritional needs, and some species have a need for special equipment in the aquarium, such as rocks, shells, or plants, Or caves to hide inside, or to lay their eggs on them, and tropical species of ornamental fish may need special conditions, because they do not mate - in nature - except during the rainy season, and then they may need effects over the basin that mimic rain or strong water currents or lightning to induce them to start multiplying.
The Most Important Thing You Should Know About Ornamental Fish That Reproduce By Bearing Live Young
1. How Do You Differentiate Between Male And Female?
In animals and fish in general, the males are brightly colored and clear than the females, and in fish they have a long anus in the lower part after the rear fins and next to the tail and their body is drawn and long, while the females are somewhat paler, and their stomach is slightly swollen even if she is not pregnant and her body takes It is round in shape, and its anus is fan-shaped, although in some species it may be difficult to distinguish between them, in which case ask the seller when buying Ornamental Fish.
2. Pay Attention To The Mating Rituals Of Ornamental Fish
Each species of Ornamental Fish has its own rituals in the mating stage, and it may be completely different from the other, but most often you will find the male chasing the female continuously, and some of her tail may harass and harass her! In some other species, you will find that the male and female are separated from one side of the basin as a private area for them, and you may find them attracting and turning upside down.
3. Watch The Female
The belly of the female is supposed to start appearing after several days and continue to swell more with time for a month to 40 days until the date of delivery, but in some cases you may be confused as a result of the Ornamental Fish being full of something, in this case do not feed the Ornamental Fish for two or three days until She loses her extra weight, so she can easily distinguish pregnancy.
Watch Pregnancy Spots
Some females show spots similar to pregnancy melasma, usually bright red or black, appear on the abdomen and continue to grow more throughout pregnancy, some Ornamental Fish have these spots naturally, in this case watch their size to see if they grow or is their size fixed .
The most Important Things You Need To Know About Ornamental Fish That Reproduce By Laying Eggs
1. How Do You Know That The Ornamental Fish Are Starting To Build Their Nest
Most Ornamental Fish build their nests long enough before laying eggs to keep them safe, often difficult to distinguish because it resembles pebbles and small holes, and some species build it on the surface of the water and it is a group of bubbles usually built by the male.
2. Pay Attention To Laying Eggs
Females in this type of Ornamental Fish do not enlarge their stomachs significantly, and you may not know that they are pregnant until they lay their eggs. Mostly the eggs look like small beads of jelly scattered in the water, and others put them in the nest that was built, or stick them to the wall of the aquarium, some species are It has a special ritual before laying eggs, so if you notice that the male and female have increased their movements significantly for several hours, expect to see eggs soon.
Basics For The Correct Reproduction Of Ornamental Fish
The reproduction of ornamental fish helps to increase the number of fish available to fill the ornamental ponds and beautify the home without the need to buy them; Where there are many people who prefer to raise ornamental fish, take care of them and increase their number; Therefore, it is necessary to know the complete information about the basics of propagation of ornamental fish correctly.
1. Choosing Pairs Of Fish For Breeding
Try to choose the fish that appears healthy, disease-free and lively, and also contains strong colors, and the correct composition around the head, body and fins, When breeding aggressive fish such as cichlids, it is usually better when choosing that the female is Biger than the male, and the female that is not healthy or strong enough can easily be killed by the male during the period of mating or with the continuation of life, and when the breeder places new pairs of fish, he must be Attentive and careful, and he is fully prepared to remove one of the male fish if the problem develops, and the female can be removed after the breeding cycle in another aquarium for comfort, or add a barrier in the same aquarium to ensure that the female recovers her strength to prepare for the next cycle.
2. Water Quality And Filtration
It is necessary to maintain high water quality when breeding fish, because young fish are more sensitive to acidity levels, temperature, bacteria and fungi, and many fish eat their eggs or eat small fish if the food is not enough.
High water quality can be obtained by using a water-pumping filter (liters/min), which consists of a large surface area to purify the water from bacteria, porous bio balls, uncoated ceramics, foam or sponge, and a sponge must be placed on the water inlet of the filter to prevent young children from being trapped in the filter.
If you use a PowerHead filter, the current in the water should be slow, and it is not necessary to change the water constantly. The siphon can be used to remove the residues at the bottom of the aquarium, and the activated carbon can greatly improve the quality of the water and remove toxins, and you must add a teaspoon of sea salt rock after changing the water to reduce the growth of fungi and bacteria.
The pebbles must be completely removed from the aquarium in which the mating will take place to prevent bacteria and remove the rotten parts, and the lighting must be a little low, and the water can be changed every week or every two weeks, but sometimes it is better not to disturb the pair of fish by changing the water when laying eggs or hatching.
3. Ornamental Fish Diet
Feeding a pair of Ornamental Fish during reproduction correctly is important to stimulate spawning as well as keeping them alive and in good health. Live foods are certainly better for fish, but live worms and other foods can bring diseases to the aquarium, so they should be used with care or use frozen or dried foods, such as frozen worms. Frozen cichlids and crustaceans are all good for keeping fish healthy and active. Daphnia are good live foods, easy to prepare and free of diseases.
To keep the fish healthy and active they must be fed regularly, and everything eaten must be fed immediately so that there is no food left at the bottom of the aquarium, and excessive feeding will contaminate the aquarium water and cause diseases.
4. Reproducing Season
Most of the ornamental fish reproduce naturally during the rainy season, when the water is warm and there is a large supply of live food, and these are the conditions that the breeder pays attention to in order to make the aquarium a suitable environment for fish and encourage fish to reproduce, in addition to maintaining the quality of the water, and the appropriate place for Mating within the aquarium Depends on the type of fish.
5. Suitable Environment To Reproduce
The environment in the aquarium is very important and especially for your fish when reproducing, such as pH, temperature, light, water hardness, plants, rocks and driftwood, all should be available if possible, and the environment must be clean and healthy. Some fish need a marble substrate to protect the eggs from falling, and some, such as the cichlid fish, lay eggs on a smooth flat place, made of glass, rocks, or broad leaves.
6. Mating Period And Before Egg Laying
You will witness a wonderful experience, which is the period of familiarity and laying eggs. Male fighting betta fish dance and show colored fins. Males make bubbles while the female is present, or the male fights in the presence of another male to death, then wraps around the female and begins fertilizing the eggs.
A pair of cichlids converge and push each other around the aquarium, and the cichlid vigorously cleans a piece of rock and swims on it back and forth, showing bright colors as it vibrates in a strange dance to attract the female carrying the eggs.
Caring For Baby Ornamental Fish
Ornamental Fish differ a lot in the way they deal with their young and eggs, some of them are keen to protect them with everything they can, and some of them do not mind devouring them all, but most types of Ornamental Fish tend to devour any type of eggs or young Ornamental Fish that you find in front of them, even if their eggs are As for the fish that that Laying live young, they are especially famous for devouring their offspring, and for this reason it is never possible to leave eggs or young in the usual Ornamental Fish aquarium.
The owner of the Ornamental Fish must transfer the eggs to the new aquarium as soon as they are laid, or transfer the young as soon as they are born, and one of the advantages provided by this aquarium is the ability to keep it clean more easily, and it also allows the young to get food easily, without having to compete for size with the large Ornamental Fish.
Raising young Ornamental Fish may be very stressful and may require the purchase of another aquarium and special equipment so as not to harm them, and it also requires special food, in this case you have two choices either to keep it, or to agree with the pet store to replace it or buy it, find the most suitable for you So that you can prepare yourself to receive the little ones as soon as possible.
Suitable foods for small ornamental fish are water fleas, food paste, boiled egg yolk, and there are also different types of food powder, and large-sized foods such as flakes can kill small fish.
Breeding small Ornamental Fish is a real challenge and requires special care, so if you decide to keep it, you must know everything about it in the smallest details, starting with the type of aquarium, water temperature, and even the type of food it prefers..etc. You can consult the pet store on that as well.
Only credible sources, such as peer-reviewed studies, are used by Nodisk One to substantiate the information in our articles.